Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 2 verse 60: The turbulent senses forcibly carry away the mind — even for those of learning who strive to resist them.

Ever-changing phenomenal existence and never-changing inner contentment of Self pull the mind in opposite directions via the desire for increased happiness and contentment. Through steady intellect, the strong mind naturally follows the pull of dharma, that is, Nature's desire for spiritual and material evolution (2.40, 2.51), and turns inward towards unbounded contentment of Self (2.45). On the other hand, desire for attractive qualities found in objects of the senses pull the weak mind outward (2.39) towards phenomenal existence. Through established intellect (2.57) the strong mind identifies with the equilibrium of inner contentment, the Self. The weak mind identifies with turbulent ever-changing phenomenal existence, flipping from one attractive quality to the next, never finding lasting contentment — and getting stuck to the cycle of impression-desire-action (2.39).


This verse addresses the weak mind. Attached to phenomenal existence through the desire for greater happiness and contentment, the senses take on the turbulent nature of phenomenal existence itself. 'The turbulent senses forcibly carry away the mind,' even for those who have learned that happiness and contentment lie within. For the weak mind, 'learning' and resistance (that is, efforts to 'resist' attractive qualities found in objects of the senses) are inadequate to overcome the pull desires have on the senses to 'carry away the mind.'*

*Renounce desire, strengthen the mind and overcome the forces of attraction by serving others' desires (2.45; It's a practice, 2.47



copyright Keith R Parker 2021