Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 2 verse 51: Having renounced desire, the intellect unites with the Self. Through union the wise have no need for fruits born of action. They are liberated from the bonds of birth and live eternally in a state void of suffering.
Renunciation is an event that sets off the chain reaction of spiritual and material evolution. When we serve the desires of others (the event) we innocently renounce our own (2.45). 'Having renounced desire' we no longer search in the material world for happiness and contentment in objects of the senses.
Following dharma's natural tendency to search for happiness and contentment (2.40), the mind turns within towards the unbounded contentment of the Self. 'The intellect unites with Self': having turned within, through the ego (the intellect's subtlest quality), we see the ultimate Truth of who we Really are, unbounded inner contentment of Self. In fulfilling inner contentment we cease desiring more, break the cycle of impression-desire-action on the level of desire and consequently, break with bondage to action selfish desires seed (2.45, 2.47).
Desireless deep within on the level of Self, Nature's seeds our desires. This is wisdom: performing actions seeded by Nature desires. On the surface level of the mind (self) we act according to the laws of Nature and receive Nature's support (3.11). In fulfilling inner contentment and acting according to Nature's desire to further evolution, 'The wise have no need for fruits born of action.'
Liberated from bondage to action we accomplish the goal of all action. Rebirth is unnecessary. 'Liberated from the bonds of birth,' we 'live eternally' — here on earth and in life after — in a state void of evil actions and suffering selfish desires seed (2.50).
copyright Keith R Parker 2021